What to see in Ankara
Ataturk Mausoleum: In this grand, majestic and imposing monument rests the founder of modern Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. The mausoleum stands on the hill of Rasattepe where it dominates the city. The construction of the mausoleum was completed in 1953. It covers an area of 700,000 square meters. Also in the monumental, you can find a small park where all tree varieties from all parts of Turkey are planted.
The First National Assembly Building (The Museum Of The Independence War) is located at the Ulus Square. The building was chosen to host the first meeting of the Grand National Assembly on April 23, 1920. It was used by the Assembly until 15 October 1924. The first constitution of Turkey (1921), proclamation of the republic and Ataturk’s election as the President on October 29 1923 all took place in this building.
The Ethnographic Museum was built in 1925-1927 by order of Ataturk, whose equestrian statue stands outside the entrance. You can see beautiful collections from Seljuk and Ottoman period as well as a significant folklore section.
Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, allows us to understand the richness of the long historical past of Anatolia (Turkey). The museum is housed in two former Ottoman Empire era buildings built by Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror between 1467 and 1471; Bedesten a (small covered market) and a caravanserai, the Kursunlu Han. The collections are grouped chronologically from oldest to newest: the Paleolithic works, Neolithic, Hatti, Hittite, Phrygian, Urartéennes, Roman. In the side galleries, there are historical objects found at Catal Hoyuk, Hacilar, Alisar, Bogazkoy, Kültepe, Alaca Hoyuk, Kargamis, Malatya, Gordion and Altintepe archaeological excavations.
The TRT Museum (Establishment of Radio Television Turkey), this museum traces the history of radio and Turkish television since its inception. The museum is located in the Oran district. (Open Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays from 11 am to 15h).
Historic sites and monuments
The Ankara citadel was originally built by the Galatians and later was completed by the Romans.The Byzantines and Seljuks restored the citadel and added other buildings. The citadel consists of two chambers. The first chamber comprises twenty laps. The second chamber has incorporated blocks partly worn ancient monuments of the city. The interior of the citadel is the old Ankara city. The enclosure of the latter is made up of picturesque and traditional architectural examples, all in green. Most of the old wooden houses were restored and some turned into restaurants.
The Temple of Augustus is in the Ulus district. The Augustus temple was built on the ancient acropolis in the year 10, under the command of the king Galata Pylamenes in honour of the Emperor Augustus. It features a large inscription in Greek and Latin, which is considered to be the political testament of Emperor Augustus. The temple was converted into a church in the 4 th century.
The Roman Bath is situated on Cankiri Avenue in Ulus district. It was built during the reign of the Emperor Caracalla around 211-217 and was dedicated to Asclepius, the god of medicine. This is a typical Roman bath with four sections; a cloakroom(welcoming room), frigidarium (cold room with a large swimming pool), tepidarium (warm room) and caldarium (hot room). Lines supplying and discharging are well preserved.
Julien’s Column stands in the Ulus district. It was erected to commemorate the visit of the Emperor Julian to the city. It is about 15 meters tall.
Haci Bayram Mosque, is situated near the temple of Augustus. The mosque was built in Seljuk style and was restored in the 16 th century by the famous Ottoman architect Mimar Sinan. The mosque interiors are adorned with tiles from Kutahya. The tomb of Haci Bayram Veli is located near the mosque.
The Aslanhane Mosque is the largest mosque in the old Ankara, built in the early 13 th century, near the citadel. It was built in 1290 in Seljuk style. The portal of the mosque is decorated with stalactites. Some of the cylindrical minaret bricks are glazed in blue. The mihrab(niche) is decorated with beautiful turquoise tiles. The interior of the mosque is made from wooden settlers.
Getting to Ankara is very easy. Many countries have scheduled flights to Esenboga International Airport in the city. The city also receives regular domestic flights. The city has a very good network of buses, metro, taxis and a railway station connecting various cities.
The Thermal stations
In the Ankarsa department, there are four thermal baths; Kizilcahamam spas (spa) Kaplica (80km), Haymana thermal (72km) Ayas kaplica (57km) and Dutlu thermal (85km).
The climate is typically continental. The summers are sunny days and cool night. Winter is cold with rain and snow.