The first example of Turkish carpet art is the Pazirik carpet which was found in Scythian graves belonging to the 5th and 4th centuries.
As well as wool, cotton and silk were used in making early Turkish rugs and Turkish carpets.
The stalls of the carpets, which are usually woven by women, are called layouts, and these stalls have two types, slanted and upright.
Turkish rugs and Turkish carpets usually include figures of plants, animals, geometric motifs and other mixed shapes and symbols. Trees, flower, double headed eagles, birds, triangles, quadrangles are also used as common patterns.
There are also mixed motif borders around the carpet, usually called “water ways”, with a frame, and in the middle of it there are lakes, medallions and chests.
The symbols and patterns used in Turkish rugs and Turkish carpets are also some means of communication.
Turkish carpet goes beyond being a household item; it is associated with the most important events in traditional Turkish life. Turkish carpet is an important part of a wedding as it is key part of the dowry, but it was also used in covering on the coffin during funerals.
Turkish carpet is also a part of cultural identity. The person who weaves the carpet, adds their identity, whether this is of their tribe, family, or something purely personal.
Turkish rugs and Turkish carpets are named according to their usage.; under feet, divan ,wallcarpets, prayer mats, passageway, stairway, or by their size; head, bed or base.
In Turkey, the cities of Ağrı, Aksaray, Balıkesir, Çanakkale, Gümüşhane, Isparta, Kayseri, Kırşehir, Kocaeli, Manisa, Muğla, Niğde, Samsun, Sivas, Tokat, Uşak and Yalova are known to have a long history of carpet weaving.
The carpets made in Usak, Pergamon, Gordes, Kula, Ladik, Yahyalı and Hereke usually stand out in terms of their motifs and colors.